Answers to “Cultural Challenges” from the book

Answers to “Cultural Challenges”


This section is provided so that you may check your answers after you have done a little research or compared notes with others. It should not be used as a “cheat sheet,” as doing so will limit learning. Please do your research, homework, or give some thought to the questions before you jump directly to the answers!


  • Argentina is located in the Southern Hemisphere (south of the Equator) on the southeast of South America.
  • Seasons are opposite in the Northern and Southern Hemipheres – Christmas in Argentina occurs in the middle of summer!
  • Bolas (from Spanish bola, “ball”, also known as boleadoras, or Inca ayllo) are a throwing weapon made of weights on the ends of interconnected cords, designed to capture animals by entangling their legs. (from Wikipedia) Usually, there are three weights, or balls. Bombachas are  loose baggy trousers gathered tightly at the ankle and worn esp. in Argentina and Uruguay for riding and outdoor work. (from Merriman-Webster)
  • Argentina is bordered on the east by the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Cowboys in Argentina are commonly referred to as gauchos.

Barbados & Brooklyn, New York:

  • Brooklyn (one of five Boroughs that comprise New York City) is located on the western-most edge of Long Island, south and east of Manhattan. Barbados is the eastern-most island of the Carribean, north of Venezuela, and east of St. Vincent and the Grenadines. Barbados would be hotter than Brooklyn because it is closer to the Equator.
  • Brooklyn has almost ten times as many residents as Barbados more than 285,000.
  • Barbados is surrounded by the Carribean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Yes. Manhattan is an island and one of the five Boroughs of New York City.
  • No. Wikipedia says that as many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, many of which would be spoken in culturally divrse Brooklyn.
  • This task requires a trip to the local library or an Internet search for “pictures of Brooklyn Bridge under construction.”


  • Alaska. Northern Chile is home to the Atacama Desert, the dryest place in the world.
  • See the answer above.
  • The Pacific Ocean runs the entire length of Chile.
  • The mountains in Chile are higher than any except those of the Himalayas (Asia). The mountain range that runs along South America is called the Andes.
  • Yes. The sudden movement of tectonic plates generates what is called an “earthquake.”
  • Easter Island (a Polynesian island claimed by Chile) is famous for its  monumental stone statues, each of which face inland! Easter Island is more than 2000 miles west of the mainland of Chile. It is consider the most remote inhabited island in the world.


  • It depends. If you are located north of Denmark, it would be colder. But, more likely your home is south of Denmark, and thus warmer.
  • Skating in Denmark would more than likely mean ice-skating.
  • During the Viking age, helmets were typically fairly simple: a bowl with a prominent nose guard. Contrary to the way Hollywood has portrayed them, Viking helmets had no horns. There is no evidence that Viking era helmets ever had horns.
  • Denmark is mostly flat.
  • Yes. Bicycles are a popular mode of transportation.
  • Danish football is referred to as soccer in the United States.


  • Egypt is located on the northeast corner of Africa, west of Israel and Saudi Arabia.
  • Egyptology is the study of the language, history, and civilization of ancient Egypt. People are fascinated by an ancient culture and its relics and language.
  • Yes. Ancient Egyptian, known as Egyptian hieroglyphs dates back more than 4000 years.
  • The Museum of Antiquities in Cairo contains more than 120,000 items. Contact (or visit) your local museum to find out how many items they house.
  • The Suez Canal connects the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea.

French Polynesia:

  • “Be fair in everything you do” would be the English translation.
  • The world-standard for great cooks is the French word, “Chefs.”
  • Wines.
  • Yes. Only sparkling white wines from the Champagne region of France can properly be referred to as champagne. It has been a law in Europe for over 100 years.
  • You’ll find France in western Europe, and French Polynesia in the southeastern Pacific, east of Australia.
  • French Polynesia is considered a part of France. It is an overseas country of the French Republic.


  • Greece is located east of southern Italy and west of Turkey.
  • Three – Ionian, Mediterranian, Aegean.
  • More than 140,000,000 and more than 100 types.
  • Depending on size, the number ranges from about 1,200 to 6,000. Only 78 have more than 100 residents.
  • Did your list include olives, olive oil, alcohol, wine, vinegar, herbs, spices, nuts, sweets, carpets & rugs, leather, handicrafts, jewellery, antique reproductions, heavy machinery, cement, chemicals and pharmaceuticals?


  • The Hawaiian alphabet contains 12 letters: 5 vowels (a, e, i, o, u) and 7 consonants (h, k, l, m, n, p, w).
  • There are 8 major Hawaiian islands. Only Kahoolawe (The Target Island) is unoccupied.
  • Storytelling.
  • Hawaii’s Mauna Kea  rises 33,476 feet (10,203 meters) from the depths of the Pacific Ocean floor. Measuring from base to peak, Mauna Kea is the tallest mountain on earth. Mt. Everest is the tallest if measuring from sea-level.
  • Pineapple.


  • The countries with land borders are Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Burma (Myanmar).
  • India is bounded to the southwest by the Arabian Sea,  and the Laccadive Sea. To the south India is bordered by the Indian Ocean. It is bordered to the southeast by the Bay of Bengal. Most consider all of this area to be a part of the Indian Ocean.
  • The Taj Mahal.
  • 1947.
  • Actually, the list should include the United States, Japan and now, China.


  • Although many Japanese might prefer to disagree, Japan is considered a part of Asia.
  • Modern written laws in Japan date from the 1880’s.
  • The Emperor.
  • Some of the most popular foods in Japan are sushi, tempura, sashimi, domburi, yakizakana, sukiyaki, soba and more. How many of these were on your list?
  • Honshu.
  • Samurai.


  • Africa.
  • The Big Five are elephant, lion, leopard, rhino and buffalo. Yes, The Big Five are the same throughout Africa.
  • The equator runs through Kenya, so the answer is both above and below.